Added: Manan Schaal - Date: 06.08.2021 18:06 - Views: 40692 - Clicks: 1509
Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic has lost his appeal against a conviction for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The UN court upheld the life sentence for his role in the killing of about 8, Bosnian Muslim Bosniak men and boys in Srebrenica in It is not yet clear where Mladic will serve the rest of his sentence. The five-person appeals panel in The Hague found Mladic had failed to provide evidence to invalidate the convictions against him, although the presiding judge dissented on almost all counts.
However, the appeals chamber also dismissed the appeal brought by the prosecution, which had sought a second conviction against Mladic over crimes committed against Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats in some other areas during the war. The verdict was delayed by technical difficulties, which continued throughout the session. Mladic had denounced the tribunal during his appeal hearing in August, calling it of Western powers. His lawyers had argued he was far away from Srebrenica when the massacre happened.
Mladic, known as the "Butcher of Bosnia", was one of the last suspects to face trial at the UN's International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. He was arrested in after 16 years on the run. In he was found guilty of genocide over Srebrenica, but acquitted of genocide over his army's campaign, in which Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats were expelled from their homes or detained in appalling conditions.
Inthe same court convicted former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic of planning the Srebrenica massacre, among other crimes. His initial year sentence for genocide and war crimes was later increased to life in prison in - the remainder of which he will serve in the UK. Survivor Semso Osmanovic, who lost 23 family members in the massacre, told the BBC's Guy De Launey that the verdict meant he finally felt able to return to his home town.
And hoping to bring my children and my wife to Srebrenica," he said. Sehida Abdurahmanovic, whose husband was killed in Srebrenica, watched the verdict at a memorial centre in Potocari. In Sarajevo, one Bosnian newspaper led its online coverage of the verdict with the headline: "Look at the butcher's tears when he realises that he will die behind bars. But the reaction among Mladic's supporters was very different. The former general's son, Darko Mladic, said his father "did not have a chance for a fair trial" and described the proceedings as "a travelling circus".
The current president of the Bosnian Serb enclave, Zeljka Cvijanovic, said the tribunal had "once again confirmed its role as anti-Serb court, which establishes responsibility for war crimes not by evidence, but by the ethnicity of the indicted". Some of the survivors who travelled to The Hague hoped that Ratko Mladic would use his last public appearance to offer an apology that could help reconciliation in the still divided region. When the final judgment came, the man guilty of severing so many lives offered only silence. Satko Mujagic, who survived the notorious Omarska death camp, told me: "I'm sorry to say but I really can see evil in his eyes, he has no sorry, he really feels nothing, he doesn't care.
He could have taken the floor and said I'm sorry it went so far. And it's a shame because his ideology, of division of nationalism, of hatred, is still living and in many people after him.
And one dissenting opinion, from the presiding judge, could inflame tensions and be used as ammunition by those who seek to deny the genocide and glorify the former general. Speaking outside court, chief prosecutor Serge Brammertz declared: "The time has come to accept the truth, Mladic ranks amongst the most notorious war criminals in modern history The hearing in August had been delayed by Mladic's health problems and coronavirus restrictions.
He remained defiant throughout, attacking both the court and the prosecutor. Speaking about Srebrenica, he said he had ed an agreement with the Bosnian Muslim army to honour it and other protected areas, and suggested he was not to blame for any violation of these zones.
But prosecution lawyer Laurel Baig said Mladic had been convicted of some of "the most heinous crimes of the 20th Century". A defence lawyer, Dragan Ivetic, denied his client had played a role, saying: "Mr Mladic is not a villain. He was someone who at all times was trying to help the UN do the job it couldn't do in Srebrenica at a humanitarian level.
Between and the socialist state of Yugoslavia broke up violently into separate entities covering the territories of what were then Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia. Of all the conflicts, the war in Bosnia was the bloodiest as, ethnically and religiously, it was the most divided. Yugoslav army units, withdrawn from Croatia and renamed the Bosnian Serb Army, carved out a huge swathe of Serb-dominated territory in Bosnia.
More than a million Bosniaks and Croats were driven from their homes in so-called ethnic cleansing, and Serbs suffered too. By the time the war ended inat leastpeople had been killed. At the end of the war inMladic went into hiding and lived in obscurity in Serbia, protected by family and elements of the security forces. He was finally tracked down and arrested at a cousin's house in rural northern Serbia in Mladic denounces UN court in genocide appeal.
Memories of Srebrenica massacre 25 years on. Mladic gets life for Bosnia genocide. Ratko Mladic, the 'Butcher of Bosnia'.
What is the case against Ratko Mladic? Balkans war: a brief guide. Profile: The "Butcher of Bosnia" What was the case against him? Srebrenica massacre 25 years on - in pictures. What has the reaction been?
Long wait for justice. What happened during the appeal? How did the genocide happen? Related Topics. More on this story. Published 26 August Published 11 July Published 22 November Published 18 MarchWoman seeking barely Bosnia and Herzegovina men
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