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Historical language advisory: Read the notice about the collection. Young girl. Africville, Nova Scotia. There has been a steady stream of migration of Black people into Canada via Africa, Europe, the Caribbean, and the United States since the 17th century. The first recorded Black person to arrive in Canada was an African named Mathieu de Coste who arrived in to serve as interpreter of the Mi'kmaq language to the governor of Acadia.
A few thousand Africans arrived in Canada in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves. After the American Revolution, the British gave passage to over slaves and free Blacks who had remained loyal to the Crown. Other Black slaves ed their Loyalist slave owners when they migrated to Canada. Inthe Upper Canada legislature passed an act that granted gradual abolition and any slave arriving in the province was automatically declared free. Fearing for their safety in the United States after the passage of the first Fugitive Slave Law inover 30, slaves came to Canada via the Underground Railroad until the end of the American Civil War in They settled mostly in southern Ontario, but some also settled in Quebec and Nova Scotia.
Many returned to the United States to fight in the Civil War and re their families after its end. Other migrations of Black people from the United States occurred during Quebec women black men War ofwhen over refugees came to Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Another group of over free Blacks from California migrated to Vancouver Island between and Many Black people migrated to Canada in search of work and became porters with the railroad companies in Ontario, Quebec, and the Western provinces or worked in mines in the Maritimes.
Between and over migrated from Oklahoma as farmers and moved to Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. In the government of Canada implemented a new Immigration Act that barred immigrants into Canada from races deemed undesirable and very few Black people entered Canada during the next few decades. Inthe West Indian Domestic Scheme permitted single women aged 18 to 35 and in good health to work in Canada as domestics for one year before being granted immigrant status.
Over women were admitted under this scheme. Inthe government of Canada dropped the racially discriminatory immigration system, after which Black immigration rose dramatically. Library and Archives Canada holds many fonds relating to Black people.
Some of the documents and fonds are listed below. Hundreds of Loyalist refugees ed together to form the Port Roseway Associates with the intention of finding new homes and creating a new settlement in Nova Scotia.
These Loyalists, with their families, servants and slaves, founded the community of Port Roseway, shortly thereafter renamed Shelburne. The free Blacks amongst the Loyalists formed a separate enclave known Quebec women black men Birchtown. This fonds contains muster rolls of Loyalists and their families belonging to regiments that were disbanded and settled in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick volumes 24 to 27, microfilm C It includes references to Black Loyalists, servants and free Blacks.
The records have been indexed and digitized in the following database: Loyalists in the Maritimes — Ward Chipman Muster Master's Office, — It gives information such as names of the black Loyalists, health, distinguishing marks, status free or slaveorigins, names of their white associates and names of ships used to carry them.
The names are indexed in the following database: Carleton Papers — Book of Negroes, He established the Elgin Settlement, deed for escaped slaves from the United States. He also assisted with the organization of a Black community near Chatham, Ontario. The Miscellaneous papers,include his autobiography, correspondence and documents relating to the Buxton Mission and Elgin Association. The William King collection includes a fuller description of the collection. Canadian Pacific Railway requests admission of coloured porters Blacksvolumefilepartsmicrofilms C and C This file contains 4, names of black immigrants coming from the United States to work as porters for the Canadian Pacific Railway company.
Coloured domestics from Guadeloupe, volumefilemicrofilm C This file contains names of female immigrants from Guadeloupe to be hired by families living in Montreal, Quebec. The names in these two files are indexed in the following database: Immigrants to Canada, Porters and Domestics, You can search for other records in Collection Search. Try Keywords such as those suggested below for research in published sources. You can also try a name, place name or other subject. If you find references of interest to you, find out how to Access the Records.
Newspapers often contained advertisements for slaves. Library and Archives Canada has many Canadian newspapers on microform.
Newspapers should be consulted for the period preceding abolition in Search for books on Black people in Aurora, the library catalogueusing authors, titles or subject terms such as:. Black History in Canada Content.Quebec women black men
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